what is a stuffy nose?
If you have a stuffy nose, the patency of one or both nasal passages is reduced or even blocked. This gives a congested feeling, a feeling of shortness of breath and sometimes also pressure on the nose and paranasal sinuses. Smelling and taste disorders, but also snoring while sleeping, sleep apnea and lung disorders are abnormalities that can be related with a stuffy nose.
Which medicine helps against a stuffy nose?
If the nose is blocked by an allergy, anti-allergic medication in combination with a nasal spray and ear drops can help. If there is swelling of the nasal mucosa, an anti-inflammatory nasal spray can help to clear the nose. Xylometazoline nasal spray is not recommended, as it will eventually have the opposite effect on nasal congestion.
What possible conditions can cause a stuffy nose?
A stuffy nose can have many causes, but also lead to many annoying respiratory diseases. In order to achieve a good treatment, a good examination by the ENT doctor is a good starting point for any treatment. Causes of a nasal congestion can be:
- Allergy (inhalational allergens)
- Nasal septum crooked position (septal deviation)
- External crookedness of the nose
- Drug use via the nose
- Foreign body in the nose (corpus alienum)
- Crust formation in the nose
- Enlarged adenoid ( adenoid hypertophy)
- Nasal sinus infection (rhinosinusitis)
- Nasal drops addiction (otrivinism )
- Nasal fracture
- Nasal cancer
- Nasal valve problem
- Incorrect breathing technique / mouth breathing (open mouth behavior)
- Nasal septum perforation (septal perforation)
- Septal hematoma (b discharge under the mucous membrane of the nasal septum)
- Lung disorders (eg asthma)
When to contact us?
If the advice of the GP has not resulted in any improvement after 4 weeks, it is wise to request a referral to the ENT specialist from the GP. Getting something done about nasal passage complaints in time can often prevent other respiratory problems from developing.